what causes uneven skin tone?

what causes uneven skin tone?

 

 story highlights

• Dark spots are typically caused by UV exposure, pollution, hormone changes, or inflammation
• Daily SPF use, exfoliation, and active ingredients can all help fade dark spots and restore your natural skin

 

Uneven skin tone, called hyperpigmentation, is the irregular darkening of the skin. The cause typically comes from an overproduction of melanin, the pigment responsible for skin and hair colour. The resulting dark patches and spots are usually perceived as “aged skin” and can make you look more than 20 years older.

What causes dark spots and uneven skin tone?

Sun exposure: When your skin is repeatedly exposed to UV light, sun damage occurs. The formation of excess melanin in the skin is your skin’s natural defense system against this damage that can occur from this exposure. Dark spots and uneven skin tone develop as a result of too much melanin being produced during this protection process.

Pollution: Particles and gasses from traffic-related air pollution are able to penetrate the skin and become lodged in the skin’s deeper structure. This oxidizes the surrounding tissue and leads to free radical damage, triggering an inflammatory response that results in the formation of dark spots, particularly on the face.

Hormones: Melasma is hormone-related hyperpigmentation caused by hormonal imbalance. It’s most commonly experienced by women who are pregnant or taking contraceptives, but can also be a reaction to cosmetics or medications.

Inflammation: Any trauma to the skin, whether it’s a wound, breakout, or even the result of a medical procedure such as resurfacing or laser hair removal, can cause melanocytes to be damaged or overstimulated. This results in post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH), a darkening of the skin as a result of scarring, which can be caused by acne lesions or skin injury.

How to get an even skin tone.

You don’t have to spend a large amount of money on laser treatments and prescriptions. Here are ways to safely and non-invasively fade dark spots for a more even skin tone:

Apply SPF daily. Unprotected sun exposure is the number one offender behind hyperpigmentation. Applying a sunscreen or moisturizer with a Broad Spectrum SPF of at least 30 is the easiest way to help prevent new dark spots. Tip: Look for an SPF that also includes ingredients to help fade dark spots, such as Niacinamide.

Exfoliate. Treat existing hyperpigmentation by first sloughing off dead, dulling skin cells at the surface. This clears the path for the ingredients in your serums and moisturizers to better penetrate the skin. Tip: Look for a gentle, micro-fine exfoliant you can use daily.

Use the right ingredients. Seek out products that contain Activated Charcoal to help remove pollutants; Oligopeptides, Hexylresorcinol, Niacinamide and Zinc Glycinate to help control melanin production; and Retinol to restore skin.

Be patient. There’s no quick fix for dark spots and uneven skin tone. Traditionally it takes at least 30 days of vigilant skin care treatment before you see any progress. The fading of dark spots can take time, so don’t give up!

Kickstart your new routine to fade dark spots by asking a Dermalogica skin therapist for a free Face Mapping skin analysis. They will hone in on what’s causing your spots and recommend a plan of action. Tying in a professional series of treatments, such as peels, may even help expedite results.

Dermalogica's commitment to excellence is personified through the expert advice provided by professional skin therapists. Professional product prescription and tailor-made professional facial treatments (called skin treatments), together with in-depth knowledge and training are critical in order for skin therapists to be able to address a vast variety of skin concerns and conditions. How we ensure that you - our loyal customer - experience this excellence is through equipping therapists with sufficient training, ensuring that dermalogica trained professional skin therapists are the best in the business. 

Dermalogica ranks our professional skin care therapists’ level of expertise, together with the degree of advice they can offer. This enables you, the client, to make a consultation or skin treatment booking with a skin care therapist that holds at least a certified status that matches your specific skin concern or skin treatment requirement. This is particularly important when it comes to treating acne scarring or signs of ageing with advanced level chemical peels. As a result, dermalogica will always ensure that the skin care therapist caring for your skin has - without a doubt - the dermalogica standard of knowledge, expertise and training to do so. 

Our skin care therapists are certified and classed according to training, education and experience as follows:

 

Our skin care therapists are certified and classed according to training, education and experience as follows:

 

A qualified professional skin care therapist with a certified status will be able to assist you with a Face Mapping® skin analysis, recommend the best skin care product prescription and offer passionate skincare advice. She will also be able to perform Dermalogica’s basic professional facial treatments. A total of 32 hours of post-graduate training were invested by your therapist to reach certified status.
   
A qualified professional skin care therapist with a specialist status will be able to assist you with a Face Mapping® skin analysis, in-depth skin care advice and provide the best skin care product prescription available. She will also be able to perform Dermalogica’s skin concern specific (ageing, pigmentation, sensitisation and acne) advanced facial treatments. She has undergone a rigorous assessment process in order to share in-depth skin knowledge and product details with you. A total of 64 hours of post-graduate training were invested by your therapist to reach specialist status.
   
A qualified professional skincare therapist with an expert status will be able to assist you with a Face Mapping® skin analysis, make an advanced product prescription and offer the best expert skincare advice. She will also be able to perform Dermalogica’s advanced treatments for specific skin needs and tailor-make a treatment programme for you. These treatments include advanced chemical peels and professional level exfoliations. A total of 96 hours of post-graduate training were invested by your therapist to reach expert status.
   
dermalogica masters badge A qualified professional skincare therapist with a professional status has achieved the highest level in the Dermalogica training programme for skincare professionals. She has undergone an intensive assessment process and will be able to assist you with all of your skincare needs and answer all of your questions about Dermalogica products and treatments. She is the best of the best and will approach your skin health with thorough research and planning. A total of 128 hours of post-graduate training were invested by your therapist to reach master status.
 

 

Annual refresher education on our existing products and treatments, as well as training on new product launches, is mandatory in order for skin therapists to maintain their respective certified status level, so as to ensure that you as a consumer continuously receive premium service, advice and treatment at all times.

A qualified professional skin care therapist with a certified status will be able to assist you with a Face Mapping® skin analysis, recommend the best skin care product prescription and offer passionate skincare advice. She will also be able to perform Dermalogica’s basic professional facial treatments. A total of 32 hours of post-graduate training were invested by your therapist to reach certified status.
A qualified professional skin care therapist with a specialist status will be able to assist you with a Face Mapping® skin analysis, in-depth skin care advice and provide the best skin care product prescription available. She will also be able to perform Dermalogica’s skin concern specific (ageing, pigmentation, sensitisation and acne) advanced facial treatments. She has undergone a rigorous assessment process in order to share in-depth skin knowledge and product details with you. A total of 64 hours of post-graduate training were invested by your therapist to reach specialist status.
A qualified professional skin care therapist with an expert status will be able to assist you with a Face Mapping® skin analysis, make an advanced product prescription and offer the best expert skincare advice. She will also be able to perform Dermalogica’s advanced treatments for specific skin needs and tailor make a treatment programme for you. These treatments include advanced chemical peels and professional level exfoliations. A total of 96 hours of post-graduate training were invested by your therapist to reach expert status.
A qualified professional skin care therapist with a professional status has achieved the highest level in the Dermalogica training programme for skin care professionals. She has undergone an intensive assessment process and will be able to assist you with all of your skin care needs and answer all of your questions about Dermalogica products and treatments. She is the best of the best and will approach your skin health with thorough research and planning. A total of 128 hours of post-graduate training were invested by your therapist to reach master status.

Annual refresher education on our existing products and treatments, as well as training on new product launches, is mandatory in order for skin therapists to maintain their respective certified status level, so as to ensure that you as a consumer continuously receive premium service, advice and treatment at all times.